Arteriosclerotic Heart Disease:
Atherosclerosis is a common disorder of the arteries.The word atherosclerosis comes from two Greek words athero (meaning paste) and sclerosis (hardness). It means in plain language hardening of Blood vessels.
What is Arteriosclerosis?
Atherosclerosis is a slow, progressive disease in which arteries become thicker and loose elasticity.
Why does Blood Vessel Harden?
The fatty substances, cholesterol, cellular waste products, calcium and fibrin (a clotting material in the blood) get attached to the inner lining of an artery. The buildup that results is called plaque. Plaque leads to thickening of blood vessels and in turn hardening of vessels.
Why Plaque Forms?
It is proposed by many that the innermost layer (called Endothelium) of the artery gets damaged. The possible causes of damage are:
1) Elevated levels of cholesterol and triglyceride in the blood
2) High blood pressure
3) Tobacco consumption
Because of the damage fats, cholesterol, platelets, cellular waste and calcium get deposited in the artery wall.
What can happen if Plaque forms in Artery?
Plaque may partially or totally block the blood's flow through an artery.
If the wall is thickened sufficiently, the diameter of the artery will be reduced and less blood will flow, thus decreasing the oxygen supply.
It can also lead to bleeding and clot formation in artery. Often a blood clot forms and blocks the artery, stopping the flow of blood.
1) If the oxygen supply to the heart muscle is reduced, heart attack can occur. Tobacco smoke greatly worsens atherosclerosis and speeds its growth in the coronary arteries. Coronary arteries supply blood to Heart muscles.
2) If the oxygen supply to the brain is cut off, a stroke can occur
3) If the oxygen supply to the extremities occurs, gangrene can result.
Atherosclerosis is often preventable by following a healthy lifestyle.
Prevent plaque buildup, by eating a low-fat, low-cholesterol and low-salt diet. Treat and control of hypertension (high blood pressure), diabetes and other diseases. Lose weight if overweight, and stop smoking. Get regular exercise to improve the fitness of heart and circulation.
Thus the Golden rules are:
a. Do not smoke or use Tobacco products.
c. Eat a Healthy Diet
d. Maintain healthy weight
e. Regular Check-ups.
Heart disease can be prevented. It does not mean self-deprivation. It means adjusting your life to a healthy way of living.
Folic acid and heart disease:
Causes of Heart Disease
to the World Health Organization the cardiovascular disease causes 12 million deaths in the world each year. This disease is responsible for half of all deaths in the United States and to other developed countries as it is a main cause of death in...
Different types of heart disease:
Heart disease and its causes: The function of the heart is to pump freshly oxygenated blood to all the cells in the body. If the heart fails to supply enough blood or due to its defects or disorder cannot supply blood at all then it is called...
Folic acid and heart disease:
that elevated homocysteine level is an independent risk factor for heart disease and stroke. The evidence suggests that the high levels of homocysteine may damage coronary arteries and makes it easier for blood clotting cells called platelets to...
Heart disease caused due to smoking
over the world. Cigarette smokers have a very higher risk of developing a number of chronic disorders. They include fatty buildups in arteries, several types of cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Atherosclerosis, buildup of fatty...
Heart disease Prevention:
may be inaccurate or incomplete. None of these methods guarantee prevention of Heart disease. Such as Control weigh, Healthy diet, Low-fat diet, Quit smoking, Physical activity, Control diabetes, Control blood pressure, Control cholesterol, Folic...
Ischaemic heart disease:
Ischaemic heart disease is a medical term commonly known as Coronary artery disease of the heart. It is a malfunction of the coronary artery caused that supply less or no blood to the heart. Coronary artery disease or ischaemic heart disease is one...
Reversing heart disease:
Our hearts are susceptible to many ailments and diseases. In many cases, the heart may not be directly affected but there could be other health conditions that may indirectly affect the heart. Heart diseases ranging from minor to serious ailments...
Rheumatic heart disease:
directly affect the heart but could lead to conditions that affect the heart or it's working in many ways. Rheumatic fever is one such condition that can first affect your throat and the connective tissues. If not treated at the right time it could...
Stop Heart Disease:
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the term used to describe the gradual narrowing of the coronary arteries. Today we know about the major controllable risk factors for coronary artery disease. A risk factor merely increases the probability of...
Heartworm disease is found in Dogs and Cats. Heartworm is a parasitic worm, which is about six inches long, and it normally lives in the right ventricle of the heart and nearby blood vessels. The parasites are transmitted from one animal to another...
|© heart-disease.com 2006|